According to the latest Census survey, the 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS), New York City’s Latino population is estimated at 2,437,297, or 28.9 percent of the city’s total population. This is an increase of 156,182 (or 6.8 percent) since 2010, when it made up 28.4 percent of the total. New York City continues to have one of the most diverse Latino populations in the United States.

The largest Latino groups in New York City are Puerto Ricans (29 percent), Dominicans 27 percent), Mexicans (13 percent), Ecuadorans (8 percent) and Colombians (4 percent). Between 2010 and 2015, the Dominican population grew by 18 percent, Mexicans by 15 percent, and Puerto Ricans declined by 5 percent).
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About the American Community Survey (ACS)
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a relatively new survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It uses a series of monthly samples to produce annually updated estimates for the same small areas (census tracts and block groups) formerly surveyed via the decennial census long-form sample. Initially, five years of samples were required to produce these small-area data. Once the Census Bureau, released its first 5-year estimates in December 2010; new small-area statistics now are produced annually. The Census Bureau also will produce 3-year and 1-year data products for larger geographic areas. The ACS includes people living in both housing units (HUs) and group quarters (GQs). The ACS is conducted throughout the United States and in Puerto Rico, where it is called the Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS). For ease of discussion, the term ACS is used here to represent both surveys. For furerth information on the ACS,click here.
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The NiLP Statistical Abstract of Latin New York (New York: National Institute for Latino Policy, March 2016)
The NiLP Report on Latino Policy & Politics is an online information service provided by the National Institute for Latino Policy. For further information, visit www.latinopolicy. org. Send comments to