Mapa de los Estados Unidos.

La población del estado de Nueva York creció 2.1% en los últimos 10 años hasta 19.4 millones. Sin embargo, pierde dos sillas en el Congreso de los Estados Unidos. La gente se está desplazando de los estados del noreste a los del sur y esta es la segunda vez consecutiva que éste estado pierde dos sillas. Ahora el estado de Nueva York sólo tendrá 27distritos congresionales y en Albany tendrán que decidir en los próximos meses cómo delinearán los distritos y a quiénes dejaran por fuera.

El estado de Nueva Jersey también perderá una silla en el Congreso debido a que su población no creció demasiado desde el año 2000 cuando se realizó el anterior Censo. Cada 10 años el gobierno está obligado a contar las personas que viven en esta nación con el fin de destinar recursos y delimitar los distritos políticos a nivel federal.

La población de los Estados Unidos es ahora de 308,745,538 millones de personas y el informe final del Censo tendrá que llegar al escritorio del presidente Obama el 31 de diciembre de este años. La población de esta nación aumentó 9.7 durante los últimos 10 años. En los meses posteriores saldrán a la luz pública más datos sobre la población, como el número de latinos, en qué estados están creciendo más rápido, cuál es su ingreso y si nacieron en esta nación o de qué país llegaron como inmigrantes.

Aquí puede ver el mapa oficial del Censo: http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/embedmap.php

Conforme a esta cifra nacional, cada congresista estará representando 710,767 personas. Arizona, Florida, Nevada, Carolina del Sur, Utah y Washington aumentaron su población. Sin embargo, Texas superó a todos los estados porque aumentó su población hasta lograr cuatro congresistas más.

Los detalles sobre la población de la ciudad de Nueva York saldrán en febrero del año entrante.

(Más abajo hay un análisis, en inglés, sobre el por qué la población de Puerto Rico se ha reducido)

El 78 por ciento de los hogares regresaron el formulario del Censo que fue distribuido a comienzos de este año. Los estados de Michigan y Puerto Rico fueron los únicos que no crecieron en cuanto a su población. Texas fue el estado que más aumentó su población en 4,2 millones de personas. California sigue siendo el estado más poblado con más de 38 millones de residentes.

Es factible que el crecimiento de la población de los Estados Unidos se debe principalmente al aumento del número de latinos ingresando o naciendo en esta nación. Los cálculos preliminares estiman que la población latina en este país ascendió al 16% del total, es decir, alrededor de 47 millones.

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En las elecciones presidenciales del 2012, el presidente Obama recibirá menos votos electorales confirme a las nueva cifras del Censo.

PUERTO RICAN POPULARION

Puerto Ricans Stampede to the U.S., according to the Census

Population of the island decreases by 2.2% in the last decade

By José A. Delgado /  El Nueva Día

(December 22, 2010)

translated from Spanish by NiLP

WASHINGTON – Massive emigration to the United States and the reduction in birth
rate have caused a drop of 2.2% in the population of Puerto Rico during the last
decade, according to the new 2010 federal Census.

On April 1, 2010 Puerto Rico’s population was 3,725,789, or 82,821 less than in
April 2000. This is the first time since the Federal Census has been conducted in
Puerto Rico that the Puerto Rican population decreased from one decade to another.

Just one another federal jurisdiction, the state of Michigan, which has one of the
three highest unemployment rates in the U.S. (12.4%), had a decline in their population
during the last decade. The unemployment rate in Puerto Rico was in more than 16%
in 2010.

“There is no doubt that in the case of Puerto Rico there has been a major migration
pattern,” said Raul Cisneros, spokesman for the Federal Census, after announcing
yesterday the first results from Census 2010.

According to the Census, 489.509 people moved from Puerto Rico to the United States
between 2000 and 2008. “This does not include the number of people who returned
to Puerto Rico during the same period,” said Professor Jorge Duany, an expert at
the University of Puerto Rico (UPR).

In terms of the birth rate, statistics from the Department of Health of Puerto Rico
in 2000 indicate that 15.6 children were born per 1,000 people. But in 2009, Duany
stressed, the rate was 11.6 per 1,000 persons.

“The mortality rate, however, remained stable, around 7.4 deaths per 1,000 people,”
said Duany.

The economic hardships of the past five years, the high rate in crime, low wages
in comparison with the United States and low entry of foreign immigrants are other
factors that may have caused the reduction in the population of the island

For example, data from the Planning Board indicate that between October 2000 and
October 2010 Puerto Rico had 46,000 fewer employees (1.094 million), said Sergio
Marxuach, an economic researcher for the Center of a New Economy (CNE).

In no other decade have been as many murders as in the most recent. Since 2000,
the total exceeds 8,600.

Foreign migration appears to have declined. Duany said Interior Department data
indicate that between 2000 and 2009, 35.063 foreigners were admitted as immigrants
in Puerto Rico, almost half of the total between 1990 and 1999.

Over Estimate

The first Federal Census estimates made between 2005 and 2009 overestimated the
total number of residents of the Island.

Last week, preliminary calculations of the Puerto Rico Community Service placed
the population of Puerto Rico at 3.94 million, about 200,000 more than the more
accurate analysis presented yesterday from the 2010 Census.

The most recent estimate of the total of Puerto Ricans in the U.S. by the American
Community Survey Federal Census was 4.16 million. The count of this population will
be announced officially in February 2011, when announcing the next data release
from the 2010 Census.

9.7% Increase in the U.S.

In the U.S., the population had an increase of 9.7%. Of the 281.4 million it had
in 2000, now the total is estimated at 308.7 million (308,745, 538). In this release
of the population count, the Federal Census does not include residents of Puerto
Rico.

According to Cisneros, 53% of the residents of Puerto Rico completed and returned
the federal census by mail, a 2% increase compared to 2000. Census officials competed
the collection of this information through house to house visits. In the U.S., the
mail delivery rate was 74%, virtually the same percentage of a decade ago.

The 2010 Census data determine redistricting in the United States and the number
of seats each state has in the House of Representatives.

Having had an increase of almost three million people, Florida, home to about 725,000
people of Puerto Rican origin, will gain two seats before the 2012 election. This
will also represent an increase of votes in the U.S. Electoral College, through
which the U.S. President is elected.

New York, home to more than a million Puerto Ricans, will lose two seats in the
Federal lower house and two U.S. Electoral College votes.

Most of the states that gained seats and representation in the Electoral College
voted in 2008 for Republican John McCain.